White Balance

Many photographers don’t understand or use white balance, but its worth looking into since it can make a huge impact in your photos. The purpose of white balance is to get the colors in an image as accurate as possible. The reason that images come out in a certain color is because the sources of light have a different color, or temperature. The range in temperature can vary from a cool light of blue sky to the warm light of a candle. We don’t see this with our own eyes since they have already adjusted to it. However, a digital camera can’t make these adjustments automatically. This means that you have to adjust the balance depending on the temperature, or color. Different cameras have different ways of adjusting this white balance, but most cameras have an automatic and semi-automatic mode to help you with this.

Preset White Balance Settings:

Auto- The camera makes its best guess depending on the shot.

Tungsten- This mode is meant for outdoors since it generally cools down the colors.

Fluorescent- Will warm up your shots and the cool light.

Daylight- Sets a “fairly normal” white balance setting.

Cloudy- Warms things up a bit more than “daylight” mode.

Flash- It warms up the cool light of a camera flash.

Shade- This mode will warm things up since light in the shade is generally cooler than shooting in the sun.

Tips for Good Portraits

  • Watch and learn how light behaves. Make sure that there is enough light in the image to make it look appealing.
  • Using a curtain can help to provide a good shade of lighting.
  • Using a reflector can help, but don’t light the subject from under. Try to light them from above or the side.
  • When shooting outside, it is better for the sun to be shining from the sides and not from the top.
  • Keep in mind how an atmosphere changes with light. Use different angles when shooting a house or landscape, and shoot at different times of the day.
  • Arrive to the shooting location early, and shoot either during the sunset, sunrise, or blue hour. This is when natural lighting is good.
  • Keep the lighting as simple as possible and work with what you already have.
  • Shooting RAW is essential so that you can go in later and fix up the photo.
  • If you want to shoot shadows and contrast, light is most intense during the middle of the day, so this would be a good time to photograph.
  • handmade lamps work well together with natural light to make a great effect.

Portraits

Manual, f/6, 1/160sec, 1600 ISO, 150mm

Manual, f/5, 1/500sec, 1600 ISO, 75mm

Manual, f/6.3, 1/125sec, 200 ISO, 135mm

Manual, f/6.3, 1/200sec, 200 ISO, 300mm

Manual, f/5, 1/320sec, 3200 ISO, 1/320mm

List: Bright, nice, beautiful, sunny, summer, green, eyes, red, wavy, hair, hidden, glistening, vivid, luminous, radiant, pleasant, sunlit, friendly, lovely, gentle, alluring, eyebrows, summertime, waves, warm

Framing A Subject

Manual, f/11, 1/100sec, 1600 ISO, 30mm

Manual, f/11, 1/125sec, 3200 ISO, 28mm

Manual, f/11, 1/100sec, 1600 ISO, 43mm

I just used the basic manual mode and only changed the aperture to f/11. I feel like I have a pretty strong composition on my photos because of how I placed them. For my first two pictures, I made sure that the bottle was placed between bars so that it would help to create composition. On the third photo, the lines of the railing help to create composition on the background of the photo. I feel that I did not do a good job editing the pictures because I am not confident with editing yet. I edited the second photo pretty well, and the third is ok. But I feel that the third photo is not edited well. If I shot this assignment again, I would make sure that I have a better aperture, shutter speed, and ISO because my lighting wasn’t the best. I don’t think that my pictures should be featured because I still have stuff to work on in photography like picking good settings and shooting at better angles.

 

Collage

My collage has a random collection of things that I like and that represent me. The first thing I put is the Chick- Fil-A logo because the food is super good and it’s my favorite fast food place. I like chicken a lot in general but the chicken sandwiches from Chick-Fil-A, especially with the sauce, is really good. The second thing I put was the Club America logo, which is a Mexican soccer team. I put it because it’s my favorite team and I just like soccer in general. The next thing I put were two characters from Breaking Bad, which are Walter White and Jesse Pinkman. Breaking Bad is my favorite show and is probably the best TV show to ever exist. The other thing I put was Lionel Messi, who is my favorite soccer player. The guy with the white t-shirt is FlightReacts, and I put him since he’s one of my favorite youtubers. The next thing I put was a dumbbell because I like working out and its my favorite hobby.

The next thing I put was Kanye West since he’s one of my favorite music producers. In the middle, I put a Christian cross because I’m a Christian and my faith is very important to me. The next thing I put was the Los Bukis logo, which is a band from Mexico. I put the logo because they’re my favorite band. The next thing I put was Canelo Alvarez, who is a Mexican boxer. I put him because he’s my favorite boxer and he’s an inspiration to me. On the other side of the collage, I put the NBA logo because I’m also a basketball fan. Next to that, I put the Netflix logo because I like watching TV shows on it. I’ve watched shows like Breaking Bad and I just finished watching Squid Game.

Next, I put Ariel Camacho and Joan Sebastian because I listen to a lot of their songs. They play the guitar in most of their songs and I just like guitar music in general. I also put the American and Mexican flag because I’m an American, but most of my family is Mexican, so I get to experience both cultures. Next, I put a truck because I’m not really a car person, but I would like to own a truck because they can come in handy for multiple situations. The last thing I put was a photo of Giannis Antetokounmpo, who is my favorite basketball player.

Action

Sharp Photos:

Tv, f/5, 1/4000sec, 800 ISO, 35mm

Motion Blur:

Tv, f/5.6, 1/4000sec, 800 ISO, 31mm

Tv, f/16, 3/10sec, 400 ISO, 18mm

Tv, f/4.5, 1/20sec, 400 ISO, 18mm

Online Photos:

Guess: Tv, f/5.6, 1/20sec, 400 ISO, 18mm

Guess: Tv, f/4.5, 1/4000sec, 800 ISO, 30mm

What I Learned About Action and Motion

The most important thing you need to capture motion is to get the right settings. In order to freeze the action, you need to choose a fast shutter speed. For example, when capturing sports, a shutter speed like 1/1600 is good as the athletes are moving fast. When shooting action, it is also important to find a sweet spot where the photo will look its best. Another important factor to keep in mind is that the timing on when to take the photo is very important in determining how good the photo will look.

When capturing motion blur, it is important to choose a slower shutter speed. However, a fast shutter speed will make the photos look very blurry if the camera is shaking. In order to prevent this, it is important to keep the camera stable by using a tripod, which prevents the camera from moving. Using the shutter priority mode on the camera can be a useful tool when trying to capture motion blur. If you are using a slower shutter speed, a smaller aperture and ISO will help to improve the lighting.

Depth of Field Explained

Depth of field is the area in which a photo will appear sharp and in focus. This “sharp zone” will be different for every photo, but can be controlled by a variety of different factors. Some of these factors include aperture and the distance of the subject from the camera. A deep depth of field appears to create a focus on the whole photograph, from the subject to the background. A shallow depth of field focuses on the subject and makes it sharp but makes the background blurry.

Depth of field is important as it can make or break the composition of a photo. It can make a difference between a good photo and a mediocre photo. The three factors that affect depth of field are aperture (f-stop), distance between the lens of the camera and the subject, and the focal length of the lens. A large aperture creates a shallow depth of field and a small aperture creates a deep depth of field. The closer the photographer is to the subject, the shallower the depth of field becomes. And in terms of focal length, the longer the focal length is, the shallower the depth of field becomes. In order to get a good depth of field, set the camera mode to Aperture value, then adjust the aperture, length from the subject, and the focal length.